Crochet Terms and Abbreviations

Last Updated 12-29-2020

Crochet terms and abbreviations might seem like a strange and foreign language, but as you become comfortable, they all begin to make sense

You may be able to start crocheting without knowing what all those short form terms and abbreviations are in patterns, but once you get some experience under your belt,  you'll want to go further and explore all the different patterns and designs out there.

To be able to read a pattern and follow the directions, you will need to know some of the abbreviations and symbols used.

Some patterns are written entirely in English using abbreviations in the instructions.  Other patterns make use of a symbol chart.  Each symbol represents a different type of stitch or command.

Until you are completely comfortable with all the symbols, I recommend to keep a chart handy to refer to as needed.

Crochet Terms and Abbreviations

This page outlines all the usual (and some unusual) terms that you'll come across while you develop your skill.

Crochet Stitch Abbreviations

Some stitches are named differently whether you are reading a US or UK pattern. This set of conversions can be used either way to convert US to UK terms, or the other way around.


Single crochet:  sc

Double crochet:  dc

Half double crochet:  hdc

Treble or Triple Crochet:  tr

Slip Stitch:  ss

Chain:  ch

Double Treble:  dtr


Double Crochet:  dc

Treble Crochet:  tr

Half Treble Crochet:  htr

Double Treble Crochet:  dtr

Slip Stitch:  ss

Chain:  cc

Triple Treble:  ttr

Crochet Terms and Abbreviations

These are common terms you will find as you begin to ready the instructions in a pattern.  

*or {} or [] or ():  repeat the part between the * or bracket

alt:  alternate

approx:  approximately

beg:  beginning

bet:  between

BL-BLO: back loop/back loop only

BP:  back post

CC:  contrasting color

ch sp:  chain space

ch(s):  chains

CL:  cluster

cm:  centimeter

cont:  continue

dec:  decrease

FL or FLO:  front loop or front loop only

foll(s):  foll(s)

gr:  group

inc:  increase

lp:  loop

nxt:  next

pm:  place marker

prev:  previous

ps or puff:  puff stitch

r:  row

rem:  remaining

rep:  repeat

rnd:  round

RS:  right side

sk:  skip

sl:  slip

sm or sl m:  slip marker

ss:  slip stitch

st(s):  stitches

stch:  starting chain

tch:  turning chain

tog:  together

yo:  yarn over

yoh:  yarn over hook

WS:  wrong side

Crochet symbols and their meanings

As patterns become more complicated, symbols are often used. The big advantage with the symbol charts is that they take up less space and you can immediately have a visual idea of what the product may look like.  Most patterns will have a key or reference, so don't try to memorize the symbols here.   

You may encounter other symbols such as arrows or numbers.  There may be additional symbols for colors and where one color is joined with another.  If you are working in more than one color, it does make it easier if the pattern is printed in the various colors so you can see where one ends and the next one picks up.

the symbol for single crochet (sc)Single Crochet (sc) in the US Double crochet (dc) in the UK

The symbol for crochet chain stitchChain Stitch

Symbol for double crochetDouble Crochet (dc) in the US Treble Crochet (UK)

The symbol for the Half Double Crochet (US) and Half treble crochet (UK)Half Double Crochet (US) Half treble crochet (UK)

The symbol for the Treble or Triple Crochet (US) and Double Treble Crochet (UK)Treble or Triple Crochet (US) Double Treble Crochet (UK)

These symbols are but a few of the many different types of stitches that can be represented with symbols. For a more comprehensive glossary of symbols I recommend checking out a few good crochet handbooks.

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